The Worlds Most Venomous... klicka för svenska


   The Worlds Most Venomous... 



...SNAKE (Hydrophis belcheri)  Faint-banded Sea snake (also called Belcher Sea Snake)

(Hydrophis belcheri) Belcher SEA SNAKE

The snake, which is a sea snake, has an extremely mild temperament and you have to mistreat the snake very badly before it bites you. Those who normally get bitten by this snake is the fishermen who get them in their nets. Of those who get bitten, it is only 25% that is poisoned because the snake doesn't very often inject much of their venom. Based on these facts, and the snake's calm temperament, they're normally do not count as one of the most poisonous snakes. Some snake-specialists believe that (Enhydrina schistos) Beaked sea snake or (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) The Inland Taipan has the most dangerous poison. Belcher SEA SNAKE venom has a value of 0.00099 in the Scenic City Reptiles LD50-scale (read more about the scale further down the page), which is about 100 times more potent than the venom of the Inland Taipan. The snake lives in the Indian Ocean (Philippines, New Guinea), Gulf of Thailand, Australia (Northern Territorium, Queensland), Solomon Islands, and especially around the Ashmore Reef in the sea in north-western Australia. The snake's usually only around one meter long and live on fish eggs, fish and eels.

Type of poison: Nerve Poisons (neurotoxin) that effect the central nervous system, breathing and heart rate. It breaks down muscle cells and red blood cells, which plugs back into the liver so that it becomes acute liver failure. You can pee brown, then broken down muscle fibers and other things coming out, and you can not move arms and legs. Severe pain, Other symptoms are joint stiffness, muscle cramps and spasms, blindness, unconsciousness, and shortness of breath. You can die anywhere between two minutes and two days. But it usually goes very quickly with sea snakes and that means an extremely painful death.


(Enhydrina schistos) Beaked sea snake

...INLAND SNAKE (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) The Inland Taipan.

(Oxyuranus microlepidotus) Inland Taipan

The Inland Taipan is a poison snake that lives in Australia and New Guinea. It can grow to 3 meters long and, besides toxic, even dangerous, this because it can attack without warning, and also cut several times. Fortunately for us humans the snake lives in inhospitable areas in central Australia. There is also an antidote developed, but a piece of human being must have access to the antidote very quickly in order not to die. Without prompt treatment with antidotes, mortality is very high, close to 100%. Among terrestrial snakes are the only raw bite of the black mamba, which has a higher proportion of deaths. Although the snake's toxicity, said according to several sources, no one died of its bite in Australia.

A single bite from the Inland Taipan contains enough venom to kill up to 100 adult men or 250,000 mice. The snake's feed on small mammals, mostly rats.

Type of poison: Nerve Poisons (neurotoxin)

General information on venomous snakes

The toxicity is related to both the size of the lethal dose of poison from a snake, and how much of that poison which the serpent at secrete a bite, and those two data varies from source to source. Toxicity should not be confused with hazard, because the risk of being bitten and dying also have with other factors to do. Some of these are the prevalence of a snake species is, how aggressive it is and how far it is to the nearest hospital. In practice it even less of a role which the snake that provide the greatest "overdose" - you can surely only die ...

If a snake can kill 100 or 30 people with one bite is of minimal importance. If you die in one way or another by a snake and dies almost as quickly it does not really matter. There are approximately 300 species of snakes that can kill you and out of the 50 worst varieties you die in a matter of minutes and can not get help and is out of the jungle or desert without serum. Then does it matter if you get bitten by an Inland Taipan, or a King Cobra?

There are about 3000 pieces species of snakes in the world. Of these, only about 10% which is toxic, but it is usually them everyone talking about. These are divided into about 16 families. The family, which includes far the two largest species, the family is snakes (Colubridae) with about 2200 species. Most of these are non-toxic, but no toxic also occur, such as the African Boom slang. Compared with snakes is the next largest species-poor families. Family vipers (Viperidae) and family poison snakes (Elapidae) both consist of between 170 and 190 species. For viperider counted vipers, lance snakes and rattlesnakes, while elapiderna includes cobras, coral snakes, sea snakes and mambas among others. A fourth family that may be worth mentioning (Boidae), where the boas and pythons are. Nearly 100 species belonging to the family.


The  deadliest  snakes in the world (NOT necessarily the most toxic snakes):

1. Russell's viper (Daboia russelli)

      Russell's viper (Daboia russelli)

Lives in all of South East Asia, living on lizards and frogs but most rats, approximately 1-1.5 meters long, causing about 6,000 deaths a year. The high amount of deaths because the snake is very common, found in large numbers and in proximity to humans and attack rather than flee. Very aggressive. Type of poison: blood poison.


2. Saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus)

Sandrasselorm (Echis carinatus)       

Lives in arid areas of North Africa, Middle East, India and Sri Lanka. It feeds on mice, scorpions and lizards, the maximum 80 cm long. Highly aggressive and also digs down into the sand a few centimeters, so it is not visible. Many thousands of lives on his conscience every year. Type of poison: blood poison.


3. Indian cobra (Naja naja), better known as "four eyes".

           Indian cobra (Naja naja)

Lives in India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. It feeds on frogs, mice, rats, lizards and birds. The snake is most active at night and flee rather than attacking. If the snake is disturbed, it can attack and bite, but two thirds of these are stab with closed mouth or no venom is injected. One estimate is that every 10 bites results in death. Despite this, they kill around 3000 people each year. It is 2-2.5 feet long. Type of poison: neurotoxin.


4. Banded Krait (Bungarus fasciatus)

Banded Krait (Bungarus fasciatus)       

The snake is present in many countries in Asia but are most numerous in eastern India. It eats lizards and other snakes. This snake is the longest of all the krait, it can be up to 2 meters long. The snake is not aggressive but curl up and hide his head under the body. The most common accident with krait affects farmers who are out walking at night and not see the snake. When the bite is painless ignore many of to see a doctor. If you get bitten you can become unconscious after a few minutes of the very strong poison, but it can also be long before the symptoms come on. There are antidotes but probably dies about 50% of all bitten, despite treatment. Type of poison: neurotoxin.


5. Common lance head (Bothrops atrox)

            Common lance head (Bothrops atrox)

You can find this snake in Southern Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Panama. It's between 1.8 to 2.4 meters long. It feeds on small mammals and birds. The snake is on the ground and is common around the human trials and are therefore also stands for most snake bites in Latin America. Most people bitten survive but 2500 people die each year. The bites are very painful and uncomfortable and the poison is very strong. Type of poison: blood poison.


6. King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)

King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)       

The snake lives from India to the Philippines (Southeast Asia). This is the world's longest venomous snake and can grow to 6 meters long. Favorite food is other snakes, but it also eats rats, mice and birds. King Cobra is the only snake that builds a nest, and together with all other cobras to kill about 15,000 people per year. The snake's venom is not very strong but because of the amount of toxin it produces (and inject at bite), it can kill an elephant in three hours. At the attack position may be the snake to raise 1 / 3 of its body and can be higher than a man. Type of poison: neurotoxin.


7. The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis)

       The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis)

Living in the southern and eastern parts of Africa. The snake is the largest venomous snake in Africa and the second largest in the world after the king cobra. Mamba can reach up to 4.5 meters long but normal length is 2.5 meters. Despite its name the color of the skin changes between gray and olive-colored. The name has been given after the black skin on the inside of the mouth. It is also the fastest snake in the world and can reach a speed of 20km/h, it rather escape danger than to catch their prey. It feeds mainly on rodents and small birds. If the snake is disturbed it can be very aggressive and venom is very strong. The venom in a bite can kill up to 40 people and the mortality rate is 100% (highest in the world) without treatment (within 15 min). Type of poison: neurotoxin.


8. Puff adder (Bitis arietans)

Puffader (Bitis arietans)        

Living in central to southern Africa and is considered Africa's most dangerous snake because of its spread and to be the most common snake. Although the size, strength and quantity of the poison and his willingness to cut making it dangerous. The normal length between 1 to 1.8 meters and very thick. A particular feature of snake is that it moves laterally. Their diet consists of rodents, amphibians, birds and lizards. Type of poison: blood poison.


9. Tropical rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus)

   Tropical rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus)

Living in southern Mexico, most of South and Central America. Becomes between 1,5-2 meters long and live on rabbits, rats and lizards. A dangerous snake with a short fuse. Together with Lance head (Bothrops Atrox) the snake is responsible for most snake bites in South America. Many people have died of snake venom. Before any serum existed 72% of the bitten in Brazil died. After the serum introduction (1966-1973) decreased the number to 6%. Type of poison: blood poison.


10. The Egyptian cobra (Naja haje)

The Egyptian cobra (Naja haje)         

Living in all of Africa, western and southern parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Becomes between 1,5-2 meters long and live on lizards, toads, frogs, birds, rats and mice. The poison is highly toxic and the snake has killed many people. Type of poison: neurotoxin.

This is not a poisonous snake, but a species of boa constrictor.


In this context it is worth to mention the second most toxic land snake in the world, King Brown (Pseudechis australis). It occurs mostly in Western Australia, often in populated areas. It gets about 2 meters long and feeds on rats, mice and lizards. The snake is both extremely toxic and aggressive. The bite is extremely painful and the victim who's been hit almost directly loss consciousness. A snake expert was similar to the bite to being run over by a 9 ton truck. Type of poison: neurotoxin.

King Brown (Pseudechis australis)

In Australia, there is 500-3000 snake bites every year, but few deaths. This is because there's serum of almost all poisonous snakes. Australia has the world's most venomous snakes if you look at the strength of the poison in comparison to other snakes. A comparison of the hazard and damage the bites cause in humans pale Australian snakes in comparison to some other species such as the Asian cobra or the rattlesnake are American. A bite from Australian snakes "cured" relatively quickly with antidotes, and gives in most cases no permanent damage. A hard bite of an Asian cobra or American rattlesnake very often leads to extensive tissue damage and amputation of the affected body parts.


In Asia, most people die of snakebite in the world, but it should be pointed out that most people who die go barefoot, is far from any doctor or can not afford to go to one. Here is a rare chance to encounter the cobra, the famous "snake eye", but then usually in the snake charmers basket.

Cobras have a narrow head, unlike many other venomous snakes that have broad back of the head. Cobras are not very afraid of themselves and they are reluctant to people, because where there are people, there is garbage and so even rats. Especially in the big city slums they are most common. A threatened cobra rises on one-third of the body and cut out the neck, the rest is up-curled on the ground.

The gray beige King Cobra is the largest venomous snake and can measure up to 6 meters. But there are lots of other cobra locations in Asia, as Chinese cobra, Indochinese spitting cobra, cobra Burmese, Malaysian cobra to name a few.

...FROG (Phyllobates terribilis) Golden Poison Frog


                  Golden Poison Frog (Phyllobates terribilis)

Is by far the most toxic of all Poison Dart Frogs. It is more than 20 times more toxic than any other species. However, toxicity depends on the diet they eat. Without the ants that lives of in the wild, it doesn't produce the extremely toxic poison.

Poisonous frogs belong to the world's most venomous animals and includes about 120 species in Central and South America. They are small, 2-5 cm long and often very sharp and beautifully colored. But in reality they are quite harmless for those who learned to deal right with them. They are not animals that aggressively attack anything that moves. These frogs have poison only as a defense! To be injured by the poison from poisonous frog it's required to enter the bloodstream! And for this to happen, you both have to have wounds on your hands, and that you deal carelessly, or clumsy, with them! Do you need to touch poisonous frog you should therefore first ensure that your hands are not sore, and after that it touched them, wash your hands thoroughly! To be absolutely safe you should use plastic gloves, it is sufficient for protection. It should be clear that some species are extremely toxic. Reportedly, there are poisonous frog whose venom is so strong that only 0.00001 grams is sufficient to kill a man, or a frog has so much poison that can kill about 2200 people.

Poisonous frogs living on ants and other small insects and get about ten years old. The name terribilis means "terrible" in Latin.

...FISH (Scorpaenichthys) Scorpio fish (Cabazon)


(Scorpaenichthys) Scorpio fish (Cabazon)

Scorpion fish is the world's most venomous species of fish and the family is large, with many subspecies. They come in all the world's tropical seas and temperate zones, but is still mostly to the Pacific. General characteristics of this fish includes a compressed body, ridges and/or tags on the head, one or two tags on the gills-shield, and three to four tags in the jawbone. Caudal fin has 11-17 tags, they are often long and separated from each other, and side fins are well developed, with 11-25 tags. It will be between 45-60 cm long and grow up to 47 years old.

Most species of scorpion fish live on the bottom and eat where gastropods or smaller fish and sometimes paralysis of one of the many gift tags, before swallowing. Scorpion fish are very territorial and often lie in wait, waiting for a victim must overcome its abode. Either jump on then quickly forward, open mouth, and swallows the fish in a single blow, or as paralyzing the victim and takes it quite calmly before finally swallowed a fish hook, line and scale.

Scorpaenid-scheme is complex and unexplored. Fish-researchers have been able to identify 10 in families with a total of 388 species, something not everyone agrees. Although the scorpion fish thrive in the oceans and are found worldwide, there are sub-species of which also live in lakes. The species that have venom glands located in the lower part of their fins, used only as self-defense. You should still handle the Scorpion fish with great respect, because they produce a neuro-toxin that affects the psyche of its victims, which means that one can be both "mad" or blood poisoning if you get a sting from it.

They have a high commercial value because they are edible and considered to have a tender and good meat. They may be hunted freely, both for use as food and as aquarium fish and is therefore not endangered.

The scorpion fish is dangerous for humans and depends on its ability to camouflage itself. People who wade, divers and others see it as a rule, not until it's too late, where it lies motionless on the bottom, and stick it where awards are often very painful - yet it is nothing compared to what happens next. Blood pressure drops dramatically, the heart rise out of control, you become nauseous and vomit violently, all body fluids flowing out of you, arms and legs paralyzed, you have breathing difficulties and after 30 minutes you're dead ...

SCORPIO FISH: Scorpaenichthys
FAMILY: Scorpaenidae
ORDER: Scorpaeniformes
CLASS: Actinopterygii


Of the sea approximately 23.700 known species is expected around 1700 which, more or less toxic. It is more than any known toxic vertebrate together.

...PANTS Jeans


The jeans in the pictures are NOT representative toxic but the models are nice.

Jeans are (one of) the world's most venomous clothes. A variety of chemicals used in dyeing and washing of the pants. A few jeans manufacturer has produced jeans from organic cotton.


…PESTICIDES (Paraquat) Paraquat


Paraquat (Paraquat) is an extremely hazardous and hazardous spray. It is often used in developing countries and the workers who spread paraquat do not know that it is unhealthy and has no protective clothing. Paraquat causes workers to lose the nails and have breathing problems. Minimum quantity of Paraquat in the mouth leads to death.

Paraquat is the trade name for N, N'-dimethyl-4, 4'-bipyridin often sold as a binary chloride salt. It is often sold under the name Gramoxone. It is reduced readily to a superoxidjon that bind to unsaturated lipids in membranes. It is used mostly as herbicides but is also toxic to humans. Paraquat was produced for commercial use in 1961 by ICI (now Syngenta).

In Sweden, Paraquat has been banned since 1983 because of its acute toxicity, irreversible toxic effects and the risk of fatal accidents. With an EU Directive in 2003 as Paraquat may be marketed in the EU. Since 2005-05-01, this is legal in Sweden again. A large number of countries including Sweden has notified Paraquat to the Rotterdam Convention. Paraquat is forbidden in many countries, among others, as in Malaysia.

Paraquat is used as herbicides in many parts of the world. It works quickly and is non-selective in green plants, played only the parts of the plant that contains chlorophyll. Paraquat appears e.g. not on roots and bark. It is used with the intention to limit the growth of non-crop, i.e. weeds, and thus compete with the intended crops for water, light and nutrients. Within the EU, there has been used for wine, olive and hazelnut groves. Paraquat is also used to include the cultivation of coffee beans, tea plants, rice, corn, bananas, oil palms, rubber trees and pineapples and other fruit and vegetables.

Paraquat is acutely toxic to both animals and humans. To date there is no antidote. Depending on how you come into contact with it so it can take up to about a month before you die. Diluted paraquat are less dangerous. The greatest risk for accidental poisoning is greatest when you mix the paraquat solution and load distribution apparatus. There are also documented cases of suicide by ingestion of Paraquat. Exposure can occur through dust, air spray or liquid with Paraquat in contact with the skin (especially at long contact or broken skin), eye, or comes into the bronchial tubes.

Light doses of exposure (through air spray to the lungs) may lead to symptoms such as irritated eyes and skin, damage to liver, lung, airway, heart and kidney as well as dizziness and nosebleeds within days to weeks. At high doses, except the low dose symptoms but also bloody diarrhea, coma, spasm, muscle weakness and inability to breathe occur. Those who suffer a large dose is likely to not survive. The direct cause of death is usually suffocation. Exposure over long periods or in repeated can lead to damage in the same organs as above

The manufacturers say that Paraquat is not dangerous for farmers if they scrupulously follow the safety instructions. The usual objection to this is that many in the developing world can not read. Manufacturers are responding with that they have made pictures on the packages that will serve as adequate precautions.

…PROTEIN ricin




It would be quite possible to put ricin into grass. All the animals that ate the grass would die. Ricin is a strong poison contained in castor bean-tree seeds. The average lethal dose of ricin is not more than 0.2 milligrams, making it about twice as toxic as cobra venom. Ricin is toxic by inhalation, injiciering or intake of food. The toxin works by inhibiting the body's protein synthesis. There is no known cure. In small doses, such as those found in castor oil for medical use, causing the poison strong associations spins in the intestines resulting in the laxative effect.

Ricin consists of two parts: A ricin found in many foods and known to inhibit RNA in the cell and thus stops protein synthesis, and ricin B, which is only available in the ricin-plant. Ricin B affects cell wall so that the ricin A can penetrate and exert its effect on RNA.

Ricin-bush toxicity has long been known, but the substance is ricin was isolated until 1888 by Mark H. Still, who also named the substance. When ricin-bush are used as food for livestock the poison is first broken down by heating plant parts to 140 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes. Some studies suggest that sufficient residues can persist to cause toxic effects.

Pure ricin can easily be produced from plant or from castor oil. The remains after the pressing contains five weight percent pure ricin, which, given the lethal dose is a large amount of poison.

…SPIDER (Phoneutria fera) Brazilian Wandering Spider

(Phoneutria fera) Brazilian Wandering Spider


The Brazilian wandering spider is one of the few spiders in the world that have strong enough poison to kill a man. The body is up to 5 cm and total spindle can be up to 15 cm. Available over the whole of South America in tropical areas of the Court. Feed on crickets, large insects, small lizards and mice. Between 1926 and until 1996, 14 people died of bites from these spiders. After 1996, no deaths have occurred since a serum prepared at the Butantan Institute in Sao Paolo Brazil.

The Brazilian land bird spider is often called the Tarantella, because of their similar appearance. But it really belongs to the genus "wandering spiders." Unfortunately, it is not unusual for Mark Bird Spider is inside people's houses. They hide in shoes, hats, and clothing, and bites are not uncommon. The Land tarantula has a very strong poison, and is extremely fast and very aggressive doesn't not make things better. It is believed that some of the bites that you impute to
fera coming from misidentified spiders probably been nigriventer. The immediate effects after a bite is intense local pain and swelling of the bite site, followed by severe systemic effects such as irregular heart rhythm, prevention of blood clotting, priapism, pulmonary edema and vomiting. One bite will of course not be taken lightly even though statistics show that mortality risk is relatively small. If you have bad luck, it can cause unpleasant effects and even death as a result and you should be extra careful if serum is not available. If the spider feels threatened smallest bite it furiously and ejecting large amounts of poison in any bite. When it is threatened or disrupted travel on the front legs and expose their large fangs. Spindle has enough poison to kill 225 mice. Thankfully, there is a good antidote to the spider now, but the banana plantations where most bites occur, it is difficult to obtain in time the antidote in time as the poison works fast. Symptoms of a bite is seizures, and respiratory disorders, and tissue death, amputation of affected body parts are not uncommon.

The Brazilian land bird spider is also called the "Banana Spider" due to the input that it is quite common that the spider slips with the load on the banana boats carrying bananas to foreign countries.

Type of poison: neurotoxin. LD50 0,3 mg/kg

More about spiders:

(Latrodectus mactans) Black Widow Spider

(Latrodectus mactans) Black Widow Spider

Black Widow Spider (Latrodectus mactans) is "just" one of the world's most venomous spiders. The poison is called latrotoxin, the bite is not usually fatal to a healthy person. Black widow got its name because the female, like many other spider species, kills and eats the male after completion of mating, where a hundred kids come out, and partly because it is black. It is about 1 cm and in the diet can include small spiders and insects. Like most other spiders, they use nets. The spider is not very large, the body can grow up to 1.5 cm long and has a lifespan of 8-10 years. It feeds on small insects and other spiders.

There is actually about 30 kinds of Widow Spiders
(Latrodectus), all of which are more or less toxic - they occur on all continents except Antarctica. Thus, there Widow Spiders in southern Europe (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus), in Africa, Asia, South America and Australia (Latrodectus hasselti). In central and southern United States are three varieties of which one is the infamous Black Widow Spider (Latrodectus mactans). The spherical black body and the familiar red hourglass-shaped spot on the underside of the abdomen is easily recognizable - the most Widow Spiders shares the often-color combination black and red. It was once common on the outhouse, which could have its risks for the human visitor. It has also been the example followed by cars imported from the southern United States. A dozen specimens of the spider discovered in Sweden annually and Natural History National Museum said that the spider is about to establish themselves in the country.

The bite is usually not fatal except for old or sick people, but in those parts which are exposed to spider can be very painful. One bite of a black widow may go unnoticed for a few minutes. Then the sharp pain radiating from the bite that spreads to the body's musculature. The pain can be very difficult and the victim may have difficulty breathing. The symptoms subside after about two days. It is only the female that is dangerous because the male is much too small to bite through our skin. Nowadays there is an antidote to that very successfully reduced the number of casualties.

During the late 90s, researchers who studied how female spider devoured her partner, that only a few develop a special serotin which differs from the usual venom. Why only some females develop this particular poison is not known. What we do know is that after the bite of the so-called "[nontoxida black widow]" stunned and solidifies the victim's body musculature. The spider may then time to catch the victim and eat it. What poison do damage to humans is not known, since no cases have been reported. The venom is 15 times stronger than the Diamond rattlesnake

LD50 5,5 mg/kg

And even more about spiders:

(Atrax robustus) Sydney funnel-web spider


(Atrax robustus) Sydney funnel-web spider

This is "just" one of the most venomous spiders in the world but definitely the most dangerous of all. The Sydney funnel-web spiders common in the suburbs to the city of Sydney (Australia), it is also very common in areas south of the city. It is therefore urban living and are found commonly in gardens, where they often come in contact with small children and they are sometimes the most deaths have occurred. There are 13 recorded cases of bites from the spider deaths.

The Sydney funnel-web spider spends most of their lives in their burrows, with short hunting excursions at night. Adult males, however, leave the home during certain periods and wander off in search of females, usually during late summer and early autumn. It is usually when the spiders come in contact with people. When males is lost into houses or garages, often via gaps under doors. The spider can grow up to 4.5 cm in height. It feeds on insects mostly but also small lizards and frogs.

The Sydney funnel-web spider is unlike other spiders, very aggressive, especially the wandering males, who also are more toxic than the females, which is due to the substance in the venom that attacks the human nervous system only in the male. This is slightly strange as those of any other poisonous spiders, the female who are the most venomous. If the spider feels threatened it does not hesitate to attack and bite ferociously until the attacker runs away.

The effect of the bite becomes clear very quickly, and the area around the bite becomes painful and then numb. The affected sweat tremendously, can become sick and eventually ill and eventually collapse. This may be followed by difficulty breathing because the lungs is obstructed and the bitten turn blue from lack of oxygen. Violent cramping pain in the legs and stomach and delirium attacks may eventually be followed by convulsions and coma and even death. However, there is now an effective antiserum against the venom and no deaths have occurred since it became operational.

The Sydney funnel-web spider venom is particularly dangerous for the primates (humans, apes, etc), while other animals such as cats and dogs are more or less resistant. The spider has eight grams of poison in his body, 0.1 gram is enough to kill a man. Type of poison: Nerve Poisons (neurotoxin).



            The world's most delicious apple pie?            Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)

Due to a clerical error in the recipe to the "world's best apple pie" has two milliliter nutmeg accidentally become full 20 nuts. In August 2008, this happened the newspaper The Food magazine. A reader had baked the cake for the recipe and invited three people to eat it. Oooooops!!! All showed poisoning symptoms such as dizziness and headache.

Nutmeg is a nice gentle, but highly aromatic spice that is used in moderation so as not to dominate. Nutmeg-nut grated directly over the dish to be seasoned. Nutmeg is used to advantage in various potato dishes such as mashed potatoes and creamed potatoes or other vegetables, cooked or stewed white-or cauliflower, spinach and egg and cheese dishes. Béchamel sauce flavored with nutmeg can be used for lasagna. Or the apple pie. Nutmeg exist as whole and ground. Nutmeg is also easy narcotic if you take it in larger quantities. A tablespoon swallowed with water gives an effect similar to a light marijuana intoxication, but the after effects learn to do that no one tried this more than once. Large amounts can lead to serious health risks and symptoms of poisoning, even death is possible.


Most venomous quotes

Do you know someone who needs to be bullied? If so, this is the perfect book for you. Here you will find poisonous and scathing lines about politicians, actors, artists, men and women. All the important topics and the major issues addressed here with toxic tongue. Feel free to use the quotes of someone you know. Read for inspiration and take revenge, or just for your own pleasure..

Loneliness would be an ideal state if only one could select those you wish to avoid.
Karl Kraus

Unfortunately I don´t remember your name but don´t tell me what it is.
Alexander Woollcott

If it turns out that God exist I don´t think he is evil. The worst thing you can say about him is that he is underperforming.
Woody Allen

If you look like your passport photo, you most likely need that holiday.
Earl Wilson

He was the closest a human being you can get without being one.
Spike Milligan



  Radium 88 isotop 224                     Radium                    Radium - Bohrs model

Radium 224 is the most toxic of all elements. This isotope (variant of the same element that differ by the number of neutrons in the nucleus) occurs naturally and is 17.000 times more toxic than plutonium 239.

Isotopes are atoms of the same atoms but with different number of neutrons and thus different atomic masses. Atom team is determined by the number of protons, atomic number, and determines the chemical properties of a substance. In the nuclear science there have been observed that there are atoms in the same types of atoms that have different atomic masses.

…BOX JELLYFISH (Chironex fleckeri) Sea Wasp


(Chironex fleckeri) Sea Wasp

Many of the Box jellyfish have a very strong poison. They live in tropical oceans around the world but the most toxic variety is common in Australia, the Philippines, and also occurs around the rest of the Indian Ocean. Box Jellyfish gets its name from the shape of the clock. The clock has a group with tentacles hanging down from the four corners. They also have four compound sensory organs who sits on the sides just above the lower edge. They consist of a number of equilibrium body, well-developed eyes and the mouth which is square and very short. Box jellyfish is usually very small only 5-25 cm high, but there is also much larger ones where the tentacles can be up to 10 m long.

The most dangerous Box jellyfish belongs to the genus
Chiropsalmus and Chironex. They live for the most far out in the Pacific but in summer they can float into the coast. Chiropsalmus quadrigatus is the most common species of Box jellyfish. The Box jellyfish feed mainly on crustaceans and in its pursuit of shrimp it can swim into shallower bays. Jellyfish is very hard to be seen in the water, the poison is fast acting and each jellyfish may contain as much poison that would be enough to kill 60 people. And the pain will be hard to beat, plus that you get permanent scars similar to lashes where the tentacles have been hit you.

The numerous stinging cells, though in most cases less than one millimeter, but is nonetheless highly refined weapons. In each cell there is a little poison capsule with a thin coiled nettle-wire. On the cell surface is a trigger. If the trigger is touched by something the nettle-wire shoots out very fast and penetrate like a harpoon into the victim and squeezes venom. The Box jellyfish has probably the world's most powerful poison, or at least the most dangerous to humans. Have you been in touch with one Box jellyfish you can die within minutes. In recent years, 50 people died (every year) because of damage caused by contact with jellyfish. Luckily pops jellyfish just up around the coast at certain times each year. As these times are known and there are warning signs on beaches reduces mortality significantly. Even dead jellyfish and severed tentacles may be very toxic. An interesting note is, strange but true, so you can protect yourselves against the jellyfish poison with the help of ordinary tights. Also available equipment for divers who work the same way.
Type of poison: Nettle Poisons

LD50 0,2 mg/kg

…OCTOPUS (Hapalochlaena maculosa) Blue-ringed Octopus


              (Hapalochlaena maculosa)  Blue-ringed Octopus   (Hapalochlaena lunulata)

The world's two most toxic eight arms octopuses are two species blue-ringed octopuses (Hapalochlaena maculosa) located along the Australian coasts, and the slightly larger version (H. lunulata), another Australian species also found in Indonesia and the Philippines. Squids are neither related to jellyfish and fish, but most closely related to snails, and they are in the majority of cases, completely harmless to humans. The blue-ringed octopus is a very small squid, no larger than 20 cm between the arms and weighs about 100 grams. It lives in tropical waters from Japan down to Australia, where it mainly feeds on crabs.

The blue-ringed octopus are usually yellowish brown, but when it's exposed to danger or disturbed changing the color changing into a light blue hue.

If, for example in a bath at the Australian coast you should be bitten by a blue-ringed octopus at the beginning you not even know you have been bitten, although the animal is highly toxic. Only after several hours gives rise to poison more severe reactions. The insensibility of the limbs, go blind for hours or days and may even die of respiratory paralysis. Octopus poison found in saliva, and pushed in when it bites its victim with its parrot-like "beak". The poison is the same type held by the highly poisonous puffer fish.

There is no anti-serum against blue-ringed octopuses in the world. Fatalities have occurred, but are rare.
Type of poison: Neurotoxin (Tetrodotoxin).

…SCORPION (Leiurus quinquestriatus) Death Scorpion

(Leiurus quinquestriatus) Death Scorpion

Death Scorpion (Leiurus quinquestriatos) living in eastern North Africa and the Middle East. It feeds on insects and baby mice and is at most 12-15 cm long. Has the strongest venom of all scorpions, death is rare. There is also an effective antidote. A sting from the scorpion can cause: severe pain, fever, coma, increased heart rate, blood pressure, and shortness of breath. The cause of death is usually cardiac arrest. It bears only at 0.25 mg of its venom, which is rarely enough to kill an adult human. Type of poison: Nerve Poisons (neurotoxin).

(Androctonus australis) Fat-tail scorpion

(Androctonus australis) Fat-tail scorpion

If the scorpion above, i.e. Death Scorpion (Leiurus quinquestriatos), the most toxic so is this definitely the most dangerous. It also causes many deaths each year.

It is up to 10.5 cm incl. tail and is found in North Africa, from Morocco to Egypt, Sinai, Middle East, India. It feeds on insects that it can get hold of, and baby mice, and it can survive up to a year without food and water. They live in dry areas, and avoid areas near the coast. Scorpio does not dig deep burrows, unlike many other species, preferring to hide under stones, or cavities. The fat-tailed scorpion is unfortunately very common in populated places, and are often hidden in different cavities in the house.

Has a very strong poison and the scorpion is in the top of the list of deaths each year. They can kill a dog within seven minutes and a man who is not given treatment for 6-7 hours. The fat-tailed scorpion is a pretty quiet personality, but if disturbed or attacked it doesn't hesitate to counterattack.
Type of poison: Nerve Poisons (neurotoxin).


The Scorpions are the largest spider-animals, and is famous because of its toxicity. Most species found in warmer regions and is night-active predators. The body is divided into a front body and a rear body ending with a tail and a poison sting at the end. The toxin is produced in two sack like glands that each have a pipe to the sting. All scorpions are poisonous, but a smaller number represents a danger to humans.



Biohazard Warning                   2,3,7,8-tetraklordibenso-p-dioxin (TCDD)

Seveso disaster took place in Seveso in northern Italy (about 25 km north of Milan) on 10 July 1976, when several kilograms of the dioxin TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetraklorodibenso-p-dioxins) released into the air from storage tanks at a small chemical factory, ICMESA. Tens of thousands of pets (including farming) died or were a result of the accident slaughtered, but it is believed that no one died immediately as a result of the accident. However, developed several hundred inhabitants chloracne and many pregnant women chose to have abortions.

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, abbreviated as TCDD, is an environmental toxin. TCDD as a reference substance for other dioxins and dioxin-like substances, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). It is also the most toxic substance produced by humans. It was discovered in 1872 is considered to be 150 000 times as toxic as cyanide.

Dioxin is the name of some 210 chemical substances which almost all are extremely toxic. In this group there is found some of the most toxic substances ever known. Dioxins are not normally intended to be formed during manufacture parts gets but can be formed during combustion of organic material in the presence of chlorine. They are also formed by the natural combustion such as forest fires, but emissions from such limited compared to the rest. Some combustion processes where the formation of dioxin is combustion of fossil fuels in cars, burning of household and industrial waste and many factories. Dioxins are believed, on good grounds, damage the brain and other central nervous system, manipulate and disrupt hormone levels, damage the immune system and impair our ability to reproduce. They also cause cancer.

The Ukrainian President Viktor Jusjtjenko

Before               After

Todays President of Ukraine, Viktor Jusjtjenko, was poisoned by the most dangerous type of dioxin - TCDD.

In 2004, Jusjtjenko announced that he intended to stand as independent candidate in the Ukrainian presidential election. The campaign was often bitter, controversial and violent. In the middle of election campaign, in September 2004 for sick Jusjtjenko quickly in acute pancreatitis. It was found later that he was poisoned by the substance dioxin, probably taken during a dinner with a group of Ukrainian government officials. After the suspected murder trial, his face scarred and swollen difficulty of vesicles.

Dutch doctors who made the analysis of Jusjtjenko's blood, stating that he had been in unusually large quantities of dangerous dioxin TCDD. According to doctors, he somehow got in the 100 000 units TCDD in the blood, which is the second highest concentration ever measured, according to Ekot (Radio news in Sweden). Of the amount of poison that the judge correctly finds the doctors that it can not move on anything other than a deliberate poisoning. It is unlikely that Jusjtjenko may have ingested the poison at the same time without the ingestion of small amounts over a long period of time. 23 January 2005 he was installed in the presidency.

The Dioxin-type is known to have existed in the plant toxin Agent Orange used by U.S. during the Vietnam War. Agent Orange is a poison that has had lasting effects on the health of both Vietnamese and Americans who served in Vietnam.

…LIZARD (Heloderma suspectum) The Gila monster

(Heloderma suspectum) The Gila monster

It is between 45 - 70 cm in height and are from Mexico up to California. Like to eat eggs, but also birds, squirrels, small rabbits, and other lizards.

The Gila monster spends most of his time hiding under the ground, and is therefore very difficult to detect. It is precisely because there is very little information about this lizard. It is primarily three things that make The Gila monster is be adapted to live in that kind of seemingly harsh conditions. For one, they're pretty big (North America's largest lizard) between 45-70 cm in total length, and they are also more skilled than other lizards that do not burn the food they eat. They store food in the form of fat in the tail and the rest of the body. Second, they eat very much. It has been observed The Gila monster in the wild that have eaten meals at the third part of their whole body weight. The last reason is that The Gila monster burn very little energy.

The Gila monster
(Heloderma suspectum) is one of only two kinds of poisonous lizards. The cousin Scorpion Poison Lizard is the other. They do not have fangs like snakes, but the poison begins to flow along the grooves of the lower jaw and chewed into the prey animal. It has often featured information about the monitor lizards are poisonous, but there are bacteria in the mouth of several species can cause severe, life-threatening infection!

Although The Gila monster can see a little sluggish and slow out should be very careful. If it becomes irritated, it can strike with lightning speed and with great force. Even if the bite is not considered lethal for a human being, it is very painful, and you must go at once to the nearest hospital. In a study conducted by 34 people who had been bitten by The Gila monster (mostly captive) showed that eight had died, but most of them were in poor condition, or intoxicated at the time.

The Gila monster poison is almost as strong as the highly toxic Diamond rattlesnake. The bite does not cause less severe injuries due to the amount it uses is much smaller. Have a tissue destructive poison, which caused the death. Type of poison: Blood Poison (Hemotoxiner).

(Heloderma horridum) The Beaded lizard

(Heloderma horridum) The Beaded lizard

The Beaded lizard has a dark body with yellow bands on the tail, and they have small bumps that cover the whole body. They feed on eggs, birds, small mammals, and lizards, and the hunt all year round at night. Lizard swallows always change completely, except for eggs which they crush first. It lives in Mexico and Central America.

It is a moving lizard that can both climb, swim, and bury themselves. Lizard living in dry desert areas, like in some rocky areas, where they dig small holes with their strong legs, and is found mainly at night and late at evening. Lizard is usually around 60 cm long, but can be up to 90 cm long, of which the thick and heavy tail accounts for about 50% percent of the body.

The Beaded lizard has sharp poison-teeth in the lower jaw. They have a short temper, and if the threat turns itself against the aggressor with her mouth wide open ready to bite. The Beaded lizard is greater than the Gila monster, but not as poisonous. The bite can still cause great damage if a person is attacked. No known deaths. Type of poison: Blood Poison (Hemotoxiner).

…TOWN Ankleshwar, India


                              India                         Gujarat - Ankleshwar

Sidewalks are so poisoned that it wears out six pairs of shoes in a year. But it is even worse for children. Barefoot, they are forced to play the dumped industrial waste that makes them sick in the world's most toxic town. A greenish-yellow ensure seeping out of a hundred rusty barrels behind a pipla-tree. The poison is in the clear light of day. In Ankleshwar is leukemia, tuberculosis, and the insidious eye diseases in every home. Every day someone dies of leukemia. The lungs corrode. The skin falls off. The hair fading of drinking water

It never seems to be someone responsible for environmental crimes in cities like Ankleshwar. Forces are faceless, anonymous. The symbiosis between industry leaders and local politicians have reached the point where no longer responds. There degraded environment and broken health is considered as the price one must pay for jobs and growth. And it is the poor who pay the highest price.

Ankleshwar is the city that God - or at least the Indian government - forgot. It is as if it does not exist. But it is there, just a few hours train ride north of Bombay, in a valley that was once wonderful, but now it stinks and ferment. 1500 chemical plants are intermingled in a city of the size of Linköping (swedish town, about 145.000 residents) . Black chimney smoke shoots into the sky. For every hundred yards, after nearly every new street corner, a new, pungent smell of chlorine, sulphate, ammonia, phosphorus, solvents... The river has been there in 10,000 years, maybe more, was the area's lifeblood. Now being poisoned by the factories emissions. Wastes are being dumped and creeps slowly down into the groundwater and wells. Sure, there are environmental laws here. But give some rupies to the right people, you get basically an exemption for anything. Also to spread death.

The third world's environmental degradation is a ticking time bomb. The cancer and pulmonary explode already. It's simply a slow, relentless erosion of soil and habitat. And there is always the poor man's life, liberty, health and natural weight of the easiest. There's no question about who will eventually lose.



The measure of ACUTE TOXICITY is called the LD50-value.


The only way to compare data is drop by drop. The lower the value the more toxic it is.

LD50 is a measure used in medicine to roughly indicate how toxic a substance is. LD50 is the abbreviation of the English word "lethal dose" 50%. The value of LD50 for a specific substance obtained by the experiments exposing different groups of animals to varying doses of the compound, whereupon some of the animals die. From the relationship between dose and mortality in relation to the individual experimental animal mass can then be using statistical analysis to calculate the dose that kills 50% of the animals.

Usually set to LD50 in rats or mice. It is generally not possible to draw any of these values completely accurate conclusions about how poisonous a substance is to humans, but the more similar to humans as the species of experimental animals - mainly to the body weight and close genetic relatedness, such as primates - the more accurate value.

Ordinary table salt = NaCl has an LD50 of 3000mg/kg body weight. This means that an adult male, weighing 70 kg, in danger of dying if he can take 3000 x 70 = 210 000 mg sodium chloride, = 210 gr.

Compare this with Belcher SEA SNAKE value of 0.00099. You don´t need much venom to kill a man.

Botulinum toxin (Botox): an estimated 1 ng / kg, or 1 billionth of a gram / kg or 0.000000001 grams / kg.

All values apply when the substances are orally taken.

Do you think there is something missing in me "the world's most venomous ..."? Send me an email if so. Now there should be some subtans in the whole and not any personal opinions. That may be the example your grandmother is the "most toxic" grandmother because she is 98 years old and jumping backwards up the stairs to the third floor. But this is hardly what I want here. I think you know what I mean. And it doesn't have to be the "most toxic" in the word's real meaning, i.e. the deadliest, but it can be for example the "most toxic" car with 3000 hp. Pictures are not necessary but preferred. Your name will be published together with your contribution.


Finally, if you can find pure error, or what you believe is wrong, you are welcome to contact me. Thanks for your help.


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